According to the World Health Organization domestic accidents are, in developed countries, the leading cause of death in children.
The ISTAT (Italian Statistics Institute) report in 2011 reported that shelter 1 of 5 in children is due to an accident; 9.8% of accidental deaths recorded in 2008 relates to children under 14 years.
According to Istat, in Italy, in the course of the year, about 3 million people are affected by domestic accident: women are more likely to get injured (according to statistics are in fact involved in 68% of domestic accidents), followed by the elderly and children up to 5 years. The increased risk is of course proportional to the number of hours you spend at home in more frequent contact with objects, utensils and appliances that may be the cause of an injury (cut, burn, etc ..).
The domestic accident in most cases can be avoided by taking simple precautions.
The statistics show that the most common household accidents that involve a child in the early years of life, there are falls, burns, suffocation, poisoning and drowning.
The attention of adults is essential in the first stage of a child's life and, gradually the child become more independent in the movement, we must add a suitable reorganization of space.
During the time that the child's safety depends mostly by adults who care for him, the greatest risks are linked to inexperience, fatigue or hurry.
It is important to learn to carefully observe their own home, linking with the possible risk opportunities, skills and habits of children, their pleasure for the discovery and the low perception of risk.
In the first stage of a child's life some situations are particularly dangerous; should pay attention to such position on the bed (belly up and no pillow), the temperature of the bath water (ideal 37 °) and the amount present in the tank, the objects that the child can lead to mouth (objects small or with detachable parts, dirty, etc.), using a stable exchange, not to drink hot drinks when you have a child in her arms, etc.
Then, when the child becomes more independent in the movement, there are many questions that should be on the provision of space in the house: the power sockets are designed in accordance with and protected ?, drugs and detergents are easily reachable ?, knives and sharp objectsThey are out of reach of the child? fragile items are placed at appropriate height ?, the glass doors and windows are protected ?, cookers are protected by grid ?, table with chairs is located near a railing ?, plug the hairdryer has been inserted? , the iron is still hot to the reach of the baby ?, if there are stairs, we evaluated the opportunity to mount the gate? ...
The more questions we ask, the more effective risk prevention. It will also be useful and appropriate for its awareness, increasingly involve the child, responsabilizzandolo adequately to his age and thinking skills.
For example, from 4-5 years you can ask children to point out some dangerous situations (detergents or medicines around the house, rather than pot smoking). Involve children, as well as more responsible and make them more aware of what is around them, also means, in cases where the incident happened or just missed, a learning opportunity.